The aim of this article was to establish the rhythm of life styles and to establish relationship between level, as described by the bio-medical model, and life styles.
According to the United Nations for Food and Agriculture (FAO), the prevalence of no communicable diseases related to poor diet and unhealthy life styles is growing in many countries. With increasing prosperity and urbanization, diets tend to be rich in energy and fat and have less fiber and complex carbohydrates and a higher alcohol, refined carbohydrates and salt. In urban environments often it reduces physical exercise and energy expenditure, while the consumption of snuff and stress increases. These and other risk factors, together with the increase in life expectancy, are linked to a higher prevalence of obesity, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, osteoporosis and some cancers, with subsequent e immense social and health care costs.
Lifestyle category has been recurrent in the socio-medical, epidemiological and health psychology literature, mainly from the second half of the twentieth century; but still and despite the widespread use, it not always defined. It is a term that relates to behavioral patterns, ie recurrent behavior patterns that run in a structured and when they form in the usual way to respond to a situation can be understood as a habit, allowing understand the direct relationship It established between the shape and style of living with health issues . Lifestyle can be seen as the types of habits, attitudes, behaviors, traditions, activities and decisions of a person or group of people, addressing the various circumstances in which human society develops, or through their work daily and are likely to be modified. This is shaped along the life history of the subject, being able to say that this is a learning process, either by assimilation, or imitation of models of family patterns, or formal or informal groups. It is natural that people tend to imitate models promoted in social media or social communication. Lifestyle not only can form spontaneously, but also as a result of conscious decisions of those who aspire to improve and perfect society.
Moods, behavior and the environment in which they live noticeably influence on health. The current interest in occupational health and environmental risks, for example, prevention programs have resulted in contamination of the environment and proper management of waste products and machinery, in order to achieve greater welfare. It also has the scientific support of the role that emotions play in health, being very recognized the effects of stress on physical and mental level as well as the protective factor of social support during health and disease.
With regard to welfare, lifestyles determine the presence of risk factors, protective factors, or both, so it is important to consider the individual and social components surrounding the individual. According to Matarazzo, health behaviors contemplated efforts to reduce “behavioral pathogens” and practice behaviors that act as “behavioral immunogens”.
Finally we must consider that unlike the general population, health professionals do not carry a healthy lifestyle, represent an additional problem because not for their personal health, but for their patients. As he stood in the introduction, the doctors who care for your health are more likely to practice preventive medicine and be more successful in tracking the recommendations to their patients.